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Expository Writing


This is a type of writing that seeks to illuminate or explain any form of writing. It can be a textbook, manual, essay, journal, or other writing forms as long as they seek to clarify. It is mostly used for academic purposes with an introductory paragraph that explains the objective, a body that proves what was in the introduction and a conclusion that sums up what was discussed. . When creating an expository text, the writer cannot assume that the readers or listeners have prior understanding or knowledge of whatever that is being explained. The author should avoid being blatant by clearly showing what they are discussing about. Organization of the text is a key factor to achieve the required amounts of clarity.


  1. Narrative interspersion: this is a pattern set in other patterns whereby the speaker or writer intersperse a story within the expository text so as to clarify or elaborate a specific point.
  2. Recursion: the speaker or writer explains a topic then rephrases it using symbolism to give special emphasis.
  3. Description: the writer describes any topic by making a list of the features and characteristics.
  4. Comparison: the writer discusses how two or more components are similar of different to each other by comparing their characteristics.
  5. Sequence: the writer lists events or things in a chronological or numerical order from the first to the last.
  6. Cause and effect: the writer lists the causes and their resulting effects according to the text.
  7. Problem and solution: a problem is stated by the writer accompanied by its solution.


Expository writing usually keeps focus on the key topic by avoiding the use of many words with lengthy and unnecessary tangents so that the reader can easily comprehend the text at hand. The topic should be narrow with a lot of evidence in form of examples facts and details to back it up. The body should be well organized and in a logical manner to enhance clarity. Some of the details that support it include quotations, statistics, graphs and charts, definitions, comparisons and anecdotes.

The format in this type of writing should be in paragraphs that include an introduction, the body and a conclusion. The introduction carries the problem statement of the text which and the purpose of writing it. The body should be subdivided into subtitles for each major point with the most important one starting after the introduction.  The conclusion gives us a summary of what is discussed.


It is advantageous especially when one wants to read a novel as the writer normally informs the reader on the topic. In the workplace, business reports are produced so as to inform the employers of the progress in the different departments.

Expository writing is also seen orally in academic presentations, business conference talks and speeches that are delivered as the speaker normally describes the topics being discussed. This shows how in our day to day lives we use this form of writing to comprehend or have an idea of what our interests are through a recap or a summary thus time wastage can be minimized.


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