Types of Academic Writing

The main purpose of academic writing is to produce a well-researched document that is based on facts that can be proven and enunciated in a clear and concise way.   There are four main types of academic writing that you can do from home:

  • Descriptive

In academic writing, you will be required to respond to assignment questions that require you to identify, report, record, summarize, and define. In so doing you will be providing realities or information about a particular topic. This is a very simple type of writing which is straightforward.

  • Analytical.

Analytical on the other hand involves all that pertains to descriptive writing and more. It is a common thing in academic writing to find that all the types of academic writing intermingle to form one type of writing. To be analytical you have to form different relationships, groups, parts, types, or classifications and examine them from different viewpoints.

Your writing will have more impact if you utilize tables, graphs, charts, and relationship trees, like the one below, to bring out your ideas vividly.

The writing is based on instructions such as: analyze, associate, compare, contrast, and examine. All the data you present should be subject to verification and confirmation from the reference sources you get your information from. If you use color-coding, flow charts, or tree diagram, they should be labeled properly to make it easy for your audience to comprehend. Use labels such as: pros and cons, positive and negative impact, advantages and disadvantages. Each paragraph should center around a particular category for the information to flow consistently.

  • Persuasive

Persuasive writing has all the attributes of analytical writing coupled with your own point of view. In a research article, you are bound to come across persuasive essays. For you to come up with a point of view, you have to make your claim based on: the argument you are considering, the facts attributing to your recommendation, your evaluation of the evidence, the point arrived at from the discussion of the topic, and the position you have taken regarding the matter at hand.

The good thing about arriving at your standpoint is that you can look at some of the researchers reviews on the topic and see the one that is close to yours and appealing. Look at where the evidence points and give your personal Knowledge of the facts.

  • Critical

This is the type of writing that incorporates all the underlying instructions for all academic writing assignments. The only addition to this is that you have to consider two points of view and your own. You can assess the values of an argument. You can give your own version of how you see things as per the discussion. This is the time that you can boldly critique a journal article depending on how the research was carried out, the manner in which the research was conducted, and the methods used to get the findings.

You will be required to critique, analyze, differ, debate and much more. Your point of view must have supportive evidence to be accurate and reliable.

Academic Writing Process

Before you can put anything on paper, you have to:

Research. You have to understand exactly what you want to write about and to whom the writing is intended for. While at home you don’t need to rush out of the house to go to the library or talk to a resource person. What you need is your laptop or a smartphone which has an Internet connection.

Planning. This is a very crucial process to get all the necessary information you want to write about and organize it in a logical sequence that will give you a distinct outline to work with.

Writing. This is the actual writing phase. There are a number of steps to do this right:

Draft. Using the    outline you have processed, start putting the points together without putting much thought to the grammatical errors you are making to ensure all your ideas have been put down.

Revise. Go through the draft document with an eye for detail and errors. It’s in this step that you can make significant changes in the overall quality of the document in content, organization, and accuracy.

Rewrite. Assuming that you made some changes, then you have to integrate the changes into the updated version.  

Proofread. For this to be adopted as the final document, you have to check out the errors in the whole document and make revisions where necessary.

Publish. If the document has passed the test under the scrutiny of the professional eyes, then it is ready to be published.

What are the benefits?

Academic writing job is beneficial in a number of ways :

  • It can be done from the comfort of your own home.
  • It earns you income either as a part-time job or a full-time job.
  • It enhances brain growth and sharpens excellent writing skills.
  • If your articles get published in the journal, it earns you an intellectual status and recognition.
  • By researching to get your information, you broaden the scope of your knowledge and experience and skills that are useful in your life.

How do you get started?

You now virtually have everything about academic writing job, what it is all about, and what it involves. But how do get started if you have all the necessary requirements for the job? Writing companies are the answer to your question. There are numerous writing firms that hire exceptional and experienced writers like you. All you have to do is to register with reputable writers on the Internet. Most of them will evaluate you prior to the registration. Some of them go an extra mile to train you and give you support throughout your writing career.

What are you waiting for? Get on your feet and land yourself a writing career.


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